Category Archives: Nuevas Publicaciones

Nuevas Publicaciones de contribuidores de Estudios de la Economía

Sociology outside the United States: Sociology in Argentina

[Hace poco apareció en Contemporary Sociology: A Journal of Reviews una reseña de la reciente sociología argentina escrita por Claudio Benzecry y Mariana Heredia. La revisión, que refiere a varios trabajos de distinguidos participantes de este blog, usa la imagen de una ‘sociología en clave menor’ para describir una forma de investigación que es descriptiva y preferentemente cualitativa, a la vez que abierta a la mezcla de tradiciones conceptuales a la hora de explicar sus resultados. El artículo comienza así…]    

Sociology outside the United States

Sociology in Argentina

Claudio E. Benzecry

Mariana Heredia

“In a couple of recent review essays in the American Journal of Sociology, Andrew Abbott adopts the nom de plume “Barbara Celarent” to discuss two books first published in Argentina, one from the nineteenth century, Domingo Sarmiento’s Facundo, and a second one from the late 1970s, Gino Germani’s Authoritarianism, Fascism, and National Populism. Abbott uses the first text to remind sociologists not to lose sight of how good social science is “inextricably bound up with fiction, history, travelogue, polemic, and sheer egomania” (Celarent 2011:723); from Germani, he highlights the multi-method character of the relationship between social structure and the style of political mobilization known as Peronism (Celarent 2013).

We want to continue this work and extend this well-informed genealogical foray into the history of Argentinean sociology into the present. In the first section of this essay, we briefly expand on Abbott’s insights to show the imprinting power of Germani’s scholarship over the first two generations of Argentinean sociologists. In the second section, we provide an overview of the successive generations that have restructured the local field, as well as some current main topics of research, and of how contemporary approaches relate to and depart from the foundational topics and logics of inquiry” Continue reading

Positive psychology’s promise of happiness: A new form of human capital in contemporary neoliberal governmentality

[Nuevo artículo de Rodrigo de la Fabián y Antonio Stecher en Theory & Psychology]

Positive psychology’s promise of happiness: A new form of human capital in contemporary neoliberal governmentality

Abstract

The article seeks to contribute to governmentality studies by looking anew at the subjectivities posited by neoliberalism and especially by positive psychology. Focusing in particular on Sam Binkley’s critical work on this psychological sub-discipline, we offer a political analysis of the new ways of becoming a subject it proposes. For Binkley, positive psychology operates as a subjectivising vector by promoting a specific kind of work on oneself. His approach, we suggest, rests on a conception that relies on the classical disjunction between production and effort, on the one hand, and consumption and satisfaction, on the other. With references to Foucault, Marx, Becker, and Schultz’s conceptions of work and subjectivity, the article shows that positive psychology’s novelty is to enable a new happy subjective perspective from where happiness, rather than a long-term objective, is considered to be a precondition of work, a radical new form of human capital. Continue reading

The Elective Affinity between Elite Journalists and Mainstream Economists in Brazil

[Nuevo artículo de Antonio Pedroso y Tomás Undurraga en Journalism Studies]

The Elective Affinity between Elite Journalists and Mainstream Economists in Brazil

Abstract

This article explores the ties between elite economic journalists and mainstream economists in Brazil. It does so by investigating the influence of mainstream economists on journalists’ careers, and therewith, on Brazil’s public discussion. Using mixed methods, we study the main achievements that help to explain economic journalists’ position. We present a multiple correspondence analysis of 53 economic journalists, 30 who are in elite positions and 23 who are from the same cohort but are not in elite positions. Elaborating on 58 interviews, we explore the field’s professional dynamic, examining the sources that produce scoops, how journalists formed their economic perspectives and how economic sources link to the press. We find that there are two elites of economic journalists in Brazil with different career paths. Although careers among elite journalists might diverge, there is a manifest elective affinity between them and financial elites. Key economic journalists reached elite positions by sharing the doxa of mainstream economists. Journalists who worked in the Central Bank, economic ministers or private banks tended to rise in their professional careers. The familiarity with key financial agents of non-elite journalists, by contrast, is more limited. The article concludes by discussing the implications of this elective affinity for the public sphere in Brazil. Continue reading

Knowledge-production in journalism: Translation, mediation and authorship in Brazil

[Nuevo artículo de Tomás Undurrage en The Sociological Review]

“Knowledge-production in journalism: Translation, mediation and authorship in Brazil”

Tomás Undurraga

Abstract

Based on a multi-site ethnography of two influential newspapers in Brazil, this article examines how Brazilian journalists mediate knowledge claims made by experts, policy makers and the lay public. It asks whether and how these journalists experience themselves as knowledge-makers. More specifically, it argues that Brazilian journalists index their production of knowledge in reference to four main characteristics: depth, authorship, influence, and expertise. Journalists tend to consider newsmaking a contribution to knowledge when: (1) they have the resources to do proper investigative reporting (depth); (2) they are able to help define the public agenda through their reporting and to express their opinion (authorship); (3) they have impact on the polity, the economy or other fields they cover (influence) and (4) their journalistic knowledge is recognized by readers and by specialists (expertise). In practice, however, there are multiple obstacles that make Brazilian journalists hesitant about their contribution to knowledge, including intensified working conditions, the lack of plurality within the mainstream presses, and their informal methods for dealing with knowledge claims from other fields. This research reveals that Brazilian journalists have different understandings of the nature of knowledge in journalism. These understandings cluster around two distinct poles: an expert notion of knowledge associated with disciplinary boundaries, and a distinct conception associated with journalists’ capacity to mediate between jurisdictions. When journalists’ production is assessed from the former point of view, the informality of their methods is seen as undermining their knowledge credentials. By contrast, when journalists’ contribution is assessed from the latter point of view, their ‘interactional expertise’ comes to the fore.

Continue reading

Sourcing newness: ways of inducing indeterminacy

[Nuevo artículo de Michael Hutter & Ignacio Farías en Journal of Cultural Economy]

“Sourcing newness: ways of inducing indeterminacy”

Michael Hutter & Ignacio Farías

Abstract

This paper engages with the question of the new as the first stage in what may, at a later time, turn into an innovation. Taking our cue from John Dewey, the new is here interpreted as a consequence of indeterminacy. We study practices that induce indeterminacy in order to ‘source’ the new. Based on findings from a collective research programme, we distinguish three ways of inducing indeterminacy: configuring situations, creating things and risking valuations. For each of these ways of inducing indeterminacy basic variations are described and discussed in greater detail. The three ways of inducing indeterminacy are shown to correspond to a present-centred concept of time that distinguishes the now from a past and a future horizon. The cases presented affirm the claim that the new is not an inevitable consequence of the increasing entanglement of technoscience and the economy but something that needs to be sought for, cared for and actively produced.

KEYWORDS: Innovation, Dewey, indeterminacy, novelty, studio studies, artistic interventions, translation, valuation, critique Continue reading

Ethical living: relinking ethics and consumption through care in Chile and Brazil

[Nuevo artículo de Tomás Ariztía, Nurjk Agloni, Léna Pellandini-Simányi en British Journal of Sociology]

“Ethical living: relinking ethics and consumption through care in Chile and Brazil”

Tomás Ariztía, Nurjk Agloni, Léna Pellandini-Simányi

Abstract

Mainstream conceptualizations of ‘ethical consumption’ equate the notion with conscious, individual, market-mediated choices motivated by ethical or political aims that transcend ordinary concerns. Drawing on recent sociology and anthropology of consumption literature on the links between ordinary ethics and ethical consumption, this article discusses some of the limitations of this conceptualization. Using data from 32 focus groups conducted in Chile and Brazil, we propose a conceptualization of ethical consumption that does not centre on individual, market-mediated choices but understands it at the level of practical outcomes, which we refer to as different forms of ‘ethical living’. To do that, we argue, we need to depart from the deontological understanding of ethics that underpins mainstream approaches to ethical consumption and adopt a more consequentialist view focusing on ethical outcomes. We develop these points through describing one particular ordinary moral regime that seemed to be predominant in participants’ accounts of ethics and consumption in both Chile and Brazil: one that links consumption and ethics through care. We show that the moral regime of care leads to ‘ethical outcomes’, such as energy saving or limiting overconsumption, yet contrary to the mainstream view of ethical consumption emphasizing politicized choice expressed through markets, these result from following ordinary ethics, often through routines of practices.

Continue reading

New book: Markets and the Arts of Attachment

[Routledge acaba de publicar un nuevo libro – Markets and the Arts of Attachment, editado por Franck Cochoy, Joe Deville, Liz McFall – de posible interés para los lectores de este blog]

Markets and the Arts of Attachment (Hardback) book coverMarkets and the Arts of Attachment, edited by Franck Cochoy, Joe Deville, Liz McFall

Table of Contents

Introduction: Markets and the Arts of Attachment, (Liz McFall, Franck Cochoy, Joe Deville)

  1. From Social Ties to Socio-Economic Attachments: A Matter of Selection and Collection, (Franck Cochoy)
  2. Manufacturing the Consumer’s Truth: The Uses of Consumer Research in Advertising Inquiry, (Tomas Ariztia)
  3. Marketing and the Domestication of Social Media, (Kevin Mellet)
  4. Interfacing Attachments: The Multivalence of Brands, (Carolin Gerlitz)
  5. You are a Star Customer, Please Hold the Line…’: CRM and the Socio-Technical Inscriptions of Market Attachment, (Alexandre Mallard)
  6. The Market will Have you: The Arts of Market Attachment in a Digital Economy, (Liz McFall and Joe Deville)
  7. ‘My Story has no Strings Attached’: Credit Cards, Market Devices and a Stone Guest, (José Ossandón)
  8. From Market Relations to Romantic Ties: The Tests of Internet Dating, (Emmanuel Kessous)
  9. Acquiring Associations: On the Unexpected Social Consequences of Possessive Relations, (Hans Kjellberg)

Afterword: The Devices of Attachment, (Michel Callon)

Continue reading

Número especial Finanzas y sociedad, Revista Civitas

La Revista de Ciencias Sociales Civitas acaba de publicar un número especial sobre “finanza y sociedad” editado por las próceres de los estudios sociales de las finanzas en América Latina Lúcia Müller y Magdalena Villarreal. Además de la introducción de las editoras, el número se compone de ocho artículos con muchos contribuidores y amigos de este blog. Los artículos son:

  1. “Apresentação. Finanças e sociedade”, Lúcia Müller & Magdalena Villarreal
  2. “Aportes de la Economía Política internacional a la comprensión teórica de la relación entre el FMI y los países en desarrollo”. Pablo Nemiña
  3. “Sobre a universalidade de um conceito: existe uma financeirização da vida cotidiana na França?” Jeanne Lazarus
  4. “La financiarización de los hogares bajo el prisma de otras crisis”. Mariana Luzzi
  5. “Negociando la inclusión al mercado de consumo: los programas de transferencias condicionadas de dinero y el orden familiar”. Ariel Wilkis, Martin Hornes
  6. “Valoraciones y significaciones acerca del movimiento del dinero en una economía de consumo local”. Gerardo Enrique García Sepúlveda
  7. “Contabilidad en los márgenes: ecologías financieras entre big y small data”. José Ossandón, Tomás Ariztía, Macarena Barros, Camila Peralta
  8. “Los imaginarios de “inversores”, “mercados” y “valor” en la distribución del dinero por la industria financiera: un estudio de caso sobre los derivados de crédito”. Horacio Ortiz
  9. “A ressignificação da figura do especulador-investidor e as práticas de educação financeira”. Elaine da Silveira Leite

“La teoría de las prácticas sociales: particularidades, posibilidades y límites”

[De posible interés, nuevo artículo de Tomás Ariztía en revista Cinta de Moebio]. 

“La teoría de las prácticas sociales: particularidades, posibilidades y límites”

Tomás Ariztía

Resumen

Este artículo presenta una visión crítica de la Teoría de las Prácticas Sociales, etiqueta con la cual se agrupan aquellas teorías que definen las prácticas como el componente fundamental del mundo social. El artículo discute y presenta de modo sintético un conjunto de trabajos teóricos recientes asociados a esta teoría. Concretamente, se describe la Teoría de las Prácticas Sociales como un intento por evitar el tradicional dualismo de la teoría social en base al concepto de práctica, la cual (siguiendo el trabajo de Elizabeth Shove) es definida como el entrecruce de materialidades, sentido y conocimiento práctico. En este contexto, se discute críticamente la forma en que la Teoría de las Prácticas Sociales entiende las dinámicas de cambio social en relación a las trayectorias de las prácticas y sus componentes. El artículo ilustra las posibilidades y limitaciones de la Teoría de las Prácticas Sociales, presentando las aplicaciones de esta teoría en el ámbito de la sociología del medioambiente y el consumo sustentable. Continue reading

Número especial Revista Tempo Social – Sentidos Sociales de la Economía

Me complace compartir con los lectores de EdlE la publicación del número especial de Tempo Social (vol. 29, n. 1) que editamos con Nadya Araujo Guimarães (Sociología, Universidad de São Paulo). El número especial, cuyo título es “Sentidos Sociales de la Economía”, incluye artículos inéditos de Philippe Steiner, Mariano Perelman, Lúcia Helena Müller, Julio Cesar Donadonne y Salli Bagentoss, además de los contribuidores de este blog, Juan Pablo Pardo-Guerra, Gustavo Onto y quien escribe. El número trae también una presentación con un balance de los desarrollos recientes en el campo, una traducción de un artículo de Jens Beckert, una entrevista a Viviana Zelizer y dos reseñas. Formas de intercambio, mercados, prácticas económicas populares y la temporalidad específica del capitalismo son algunos temas generales discutidos en el número. Esperamos que, aunque con sea dentro de los límites de una un solo número editado, ayudar a demostrar la importancia de creciente campo de los estudios sociales de la economía en el Cono Sur.