Consumer databases as practical accomplishments

[Nuevo artículo de Tomás Ariztía en Journal of Cultural Economy, ‘Consumer databases as practical accomplishments: the making of digital objects in three movements’]

‘Consumer databases as practical accomplishments: the making of digital objects in three movements’

Tomas Ariztia

Abstract

This paper aims to reflect on some key issues linked to the production of digital objects in business settings. In doing so, it problematizes current social science scholarship, which emphasizes the analysis of digital data and analytics, and reinforces the magnitude of its consequences and ‘data power’. The paper proposes making three corrective ‘movements’ that might enrich our approaches to how databases and analytics are assembled in business settings. The first movement involves the problem of ethnographic access to data-making practices. We propose taking seriously the issue of fabricating an ethnographic encounter where the process of making digital objects is exposed. The second movement concerns the visibility and the type of politics taking place in data practices. We argue for the need to displace attention from data impacts and results to the myriad of mundane practices and devices through which these objects are assembled. The third movement we suggest requires a focus on examining error and failure as key aspects of the manufacturing of consumer databases. Each of these movements is illustrated by ethnographic vignettes from a 9-month ethnographic experiment that involved participating in the first stages of the manufacturing of an online financial retail company’s consumer database. Continue reading

Advertisements

V Congreso Red Pilares – Chile – Llamado a resúmenes

[Llamado a resúmenes de posible interés. La mesa 9, sobre etnografías organizacionales es co-organizada por Juan Espinosa, y la mesa 11, sobre identidades, cuenta con la organización de Antonio Stecher y Vicente Sisto] 

V Congreso Red Rilares: Nuevas formas de organizacion y trabajo latinoamerica frente a los actuales desafios economicos, sociales y medioambientales. Santiago de chile / 26 – 29 de septiembre 2018. La Red de Posgrados de Investigación Latinos en Administración y Estudios Organizacionales (Red PILARES) celebrará su V Edición en la ciudad de Santiago de Chile entre los días 26 y 29 de Septiembre de 2018. Desde el Martes 2 de Enero se encuentra abierto el llamado a presentar resúmenes, cuya fecha límite de recepción será el Viernes 30 de Marzo.

Las indicaciones para el envío de resúmenes (extensión, formato, idiomas y forma de envío) se encuentran en el sitio web de la conferencia, así como los costos y etapas de inscripción. A quienes postulen y sean aceptados, se les ofrecerá la publicación de sus trabajos en las actas del congreso (libro con ISBN electrónico).

Continue reading

How to write after performativity? (part 2)

[El nombre de esta sección por ahora es “artículos en cuotas”. La idea es, como en una novela por entregas, ir subiendo partes de papers a medida que vayan saliendo. El texto abajo es la segunda parte de un capítulo para el libro A Routledge Companion to ANT, editado por Anders Blok, Ignacio Farías & Celia Roberts. La primera parte está acá. Por cierto, sugerencias sobre cómo debería seguir la historia son muy bienvenidos]

How to write after performativity? José Ossandón.

[Second instalment of chapter prepared for A Routledge Companion to ANT, edited by Anders Blok, Ignacio Farías & Celia Roberts. Non-proof read draft.]

Part II. The instructions

Callon’s performativity thesis reoriented the attention of researchers inspecting economic issues. The traditional critical stance towards the way economists portray economics actors and the economy is replaced by an increasing attention to those whose work involves formatting calculative agencies, among them economists themselves. The question ‘how to write after performativity?’ shifts the attention in a different direction. The focus here is not directed at the economic agents that are performed with economics, but at the research personae enacted with the performativity approach to the economy. To use a cinematographic analogy, it could be said that from this perspective, Callon is seen as a film director, and the researchers informed by his work are like cameramen following his instructions, and, in order to clarify the particular type of personae these researchers enact, what ought to be done first is to clarify the director’s guidelines.

In 1981, a new market place for the trading of table strawberries was set at the commune of Fontaines-en-Sologne in central France. This strawberry market became officially part of the social scientific discussion in 1986, when a paper about the case by Marie-France Garcia-Parpet (2007) was published in Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales, the journal Pierre Bourdieu started in 1975. In 1998, Garcia-Parpet’s strawberries began a second life, when Michell Callon used her case study as the central empirical evidence of what it will become the more influential idea of his famous chapters in the edited collection The Laws of the Markets. In fact, Garcia-Parpet’s piece only appeared in English in 2007 when it was included in the edited collection – Do Economists Make Markets? – that consolidated the international academic influence of Callon’s thesis. What Callon did not make explicit in his chapters is that while taking Garcia-Parpet’s basic insight, his conclusions are radically different. In what follows, the modifications Callon introduced in relation to Garcia-Parpet’s case are used as entry points to identify his particular guidelines; the rules set to the research personae to be enacted with the performativity thesis.

Strawberries exchange forever

Continue reading

Matías Dewey en CIPER

Ciper publicó hace poco una entrevista con Matías Dewey acerca de su trabajo sobre mercados ilegales. La nota está disponible en http://ciperchile.cl/2018/02/08/la-pregunta-del-millon-es-en-que-momento-nos-comenzamos-a-transformar-en-mexico/

Gift-Giving, Disreputable Exchange, and the Management of Donations in a Police Department

[Nuevo artículo de Daniel Fridman y Alex Luscombe en Social Forces sobre dones y ‘disreputable exchange’]

‘Gift-Giving, Disreputable Exchange, and the Management of Donations in a Police Department’

Daniel Fridman, Alex Luscombe

Social Forces, Volume 96, Issue 2, 1 December 2017, Pages 507–528,

Abstract

To supplement funding and strengthen relationships with the community, police departments often accept donations from individuals and businesses. These donations are a form of disreputable exchange: they are permitted but laden with the potential for controversy. Gift-giving is generally forbidden in public agencies because it conflicts with bureaucratic organizational principles of impersonality and fairness and equality before the law. Accepting donations, therefore, requires mechanisms to purify them, ensuring that there is no reciprocity, while at the same time motivating and acknowledging the bond with donors. In this paper, we analyze the management strategies established by a police department in Canada to maintain and encourage donations while preventing reciprocity and minimizing the possibility that gifts are interpreted as bribes. We identify four management strategies: institutional separation via recognized charity organizations; denial of reciprocity; limits on donation use; and screening the giver. Continue reading

Financiarisation et classes sociales

[Socioeco.hypotheses avisa de un nuevo número especial en Revue de la régulation que podrá ser de interés. Es un número sobre financialización y clases sociales, editado por Benjamin Lemoine y Quentin Ravelli. Entre otros trabajos, el número incluye el artículo de Alejandro Marambio ‘Narratives of Social Mobility in the Post-Industrial Working Class and the Use of Credit in Chilean Households’ y ‘L’exploitation financière des secteurs populaires argentins’ de Pablo Ignacio Chena & Alexandre Roig]

Revue de la régulation. Capitalisme, institutions, pouvoirs. Numéro 22 ‘Financiarisation et classes sociales’

Ce numéro est consultable librement à l’adresse suivante :

https://journals.openedition.org/regulation/12337

La présente livraison de la Revue de la Régulation propose un panorama de réflexions ancrées dans les transformations actuelles de nos sociétés. Son dossier thématique est intitulé « Financiarisation et classes sociales ». Coordonné par Benjamin Lemoine et Quentin Ravelli, il rassemble une série de contributions qui associent des approches sociologiques, économiques, historiques et empruntent aussi certaines analyses aux sciences politiques. Ces contributions s’intéressent aux effets du phénomène structurant qu’est la financiarisation sur la stratification socio-économique des populations.

Benjamin Lemoine et Quentin Ravelli. Financiarisation et classes sociales : introduction au dossier / Financialization and Social Class: an Introduction to this Issue. Continue reading

Economic Sociology in Argentina

[Ariel Wilkis y Daniel Fridman avisan del texto que publicaron recientemente en la Newsletter de  la sección de sociología económica de la American Sociological Association. El post es una breve introducción de la sociología económica en Argentina. La nota comienza así:]

Economic Sociology in Argentina

by Ariel Wilkis & Daniel Fridman

In Argentina, economic sociology became a recognized sub-discipline in the 1990s. While the economy has always been important in local sociology, earlier generations of sociologists largely subordinated their analyses of economic objects to broader topics like development, poverty, political participation, or democracy. Many of them worked within the strong Latin American Marxist tradition or were close to dependency theory –one of the original theoretical innovations produced in Latin America to understand the relationship between economic, social, and political systems.

The intellectual development of Argentine sociology in general was marked by the repression and consequent dispersion of intellectuals during the 1976 dictatorship, which led to a decimated generation of social scientists. Only since 1983 Argentine sociology was rebuilt by scholars who had remained in exile, underground, or under unfavorable conditions for intellectual production (Benzecry and Heredia 2017). After the return of democracy in 1983 and throughout the 1990s, most sociological research on economic issues focused on understanding the transformations of business elites and social structures as a consequence of the military dictatorship. These researchers were influenced by political economists at the Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences (FLACSO) as well as by sociologists concerned with the links between business and the state, particularly during the consolidation of democracy and the pro-market reforms of the 1990s. Continue reading

Dossier “Los fundamentos sociales del capitalismo. Aportes de Jens Beckert a la Sociología Económica”

Les anunciamos la publicación del Dossier “Los fundamentos sociales del capitalismo. Aportes de Jens Beckert a la Sociología Económica” en el Volumen 11, Número 20 de la revista Papeles de Trabajo del IDAES, editado por Pablo Nemiña y que cuenta también con la participación de otros miembros de la comunidad de Estudios de la Economía (Matías Dewey y Felipe González).
Este trabajo colectivo, que incluye cuatro artículos originales, más una traducción y una entrevista inéditos, busca difundir los aportes de Beckert entre la comunidad hispanohablante e impulsar el diálogo con el pensamiento del autor desde una perspectiva latinoamericana. Pueden descargarlo acá.

Extended deadline for abstracts 5th Interdisciplinary Market Studies Workshop. February 9th, 2018.

Market Situations – Situated Markets: 5th Interdisciplinary Market Studies Workshop. Copenhagen Business School, June 6 – 8, 2018. Keynote speakers: Jens Beckert and Eve Chiapello. Extended Deadline for Abstracts: February 9th, 2018.  

We invite contributors to submit an extended abstract of 2-3 pages (incl. references) to markets2018.mpp@cbs.dk. Proposals should indicate topic, theoretical positioning, methodology and outline findings, if appropriate. Inquiries about the workshop can be made to the workshop organisers. We will notify contributors about acceptance in early March. As in previous years, in order to facilitate discussion at the sessions, we will make papers available beforehand. Full papers should therefore be emailed by Monday May 7th, at the very latest. Information about the workshop, local arrangements, affordable local hotel accommodation, the final programme, etc. will be uploaded on the conference webpage: www.tilmeld.dk/Markets2018.

The Theme Continue reading

Llamado ayudante de investigación, proyecto “La economía es una sola, la que funciona”

 

Llamado a concurso para ayudantes de investigación. Proyecto interno UAH Sociología e Historia (2018). “La economía es una sola, la que funciona”: la instalación  de un paradigma único en la formación de los economistas al interior del sistema universitario chileno (1973-1983)”.

El equipo interdisciplinar de dos investigadores de la Universidad Alberto Hurtado a cargo del proyecto: “La economía es una sola, la que funciona”. La instalación  de un paradigma único en la formación de los economistas al interior del sistema universitario chileno (1973-1983), busca a 2 ayudantes de investigación titulados o cursando quinto año de las disciplinas de sociología e historia.

Esta investigación propone, a partir de la recopilación y análisis de distintos tipos de fuentes (escritas y orales), reconstruir el proceso inicial de formación universitaria de los ingenieros comerciales y economistas en Chile durante el periodo 1973-1983.

En particular el trabajo de los/las ayudante/s de investigación estará enfocado en: Continue reading