Tag Archives: Conocimiento Económico

The Elective Affinity between Elite Journalists and Mainstream Economists in Brazil

[Nuevo artículo de Antonio Pedroso y Tomás Undurraga en Journalism Studies]

The Elective Affinity between Elite Journalists and Mainstream Economists in Brazil

Abstract

This article explores the ties between elite economic journalists and mainstream economists in Brazil. It does so by investigating the influence of mainstream economists on journalists’ careers, and therewith, on Brazil’s public discussion. Using mixed methods, we study the main achievements that help to explain economic journalists’ position. We present a multiple correspondence analysis of 53 economic journalists, 30 who are in elite positions and 23 who are from the same cohort but are not in elite positions. Elaborating on 58 interviews, we explore the field’s professional dynamic, examining the sources that produce scoops, how journalists formed their economic perspectives and how economic sources link to the press. We find that there are two elites of economic journalists in Brazil with different career paths. Although careers among elite journalists might diverge, there is a manifest elective affinity between them and financial elites. Key economic journalists reached elite positions by sharing the doxa of mainstream economists. Journalists who worked in the Central Bank, economic ministers or private banks tended to rise in their professional careers. The familiarity with key financial agents of non-elite journalists, by contrast, is more limited. The article concludes by discussing the implications of this elective affinity for the public sphere in Brazil. Continue reading

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Seminario “Objetos epistémicos laterales: interrogando etnografías del mundo económico”, 13 de enero UDP

La Escuela de Sociología junto al Magíster en Métodos para la Investigación Social UDP y COES, invitan al Seminario “Objetos epistémicos laterales: interrogando etnografías del mundo económico”.

En el marco de los recientes debates teóricos en la sociología y antropología sobre el papel de los dispositivos en la producción de la economía, este seminario examinará el papel de los ‘objetos epistémicos laterales’. Más allá de los objetos económicos habitualmente examinadas como mercados, competencia, dinero o finanzas, los ‘objetos epistémicos laterales’ son entidades que juegan un papel crítico, pero relativamente humilde, en la producción de la economía, como Índices, bases de datos, noticias y figuras. Este seminario, financiado por Fondecyt Culturas de Evaluación en el Mundo Económico y COES, busca por un lado, explorar los bordes teórico-conceptuales de los ‘objetos epistémicos laterales’. Por otro, busca problematizar las posibilidades y límites de los estudios etnográficos para el estudio de la vida económica. El seminario se realizará el viernes 13 de enero, desde las 15:00 hasta las 18:00 horas, en la Sala Decanato de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales e Historia UDP, ubicada en Ejército 333, Santiago Centro.

Presentan:

Gustavo Onto (PhD. Núcleo de Pesquisas em Cultura e Economia (NuCEC), Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro): “Competition through papers: artifacts of visualization in antitrust policy”

Tomás Undurraga (COES, Universidad Diego Portales): “Producción de conocimiento en el periodismo económico: mediación, traducción y autoría en Brasil”

Tomás Ariztía (Director del Magíster en Métodos para la Investigación Social UDP): “Objetos epistémicos laterales y la producción de la economía”. Continue reading

Workshop Report: “Social Studies of the economy in Latin America-UCL”

On July 1st, 2016 the workshop ‘Social Studies of the Economy in Latin America’ took place at the Science and Technology Studies Department, University College London. The meeting convened a number of outstanding academics, including several contributors to this blog. Because the topics discussed are of central concern to this group, we are taking the opportunity to share some impressions.

The workshop aimed to discuss leading research that offers a close-up examination of economic life. In particular, it was oriented to ethnographic research that sheds light on the multiple ways in which the economy, culture and technology intersect, and in which the economy as an object is constituted and performed. Elaborating on previous research into the world of economic policy-making and expertise, the media’s role in public economic discussion, the nature of economic calculation and its material devices, and the variety of economic knowledges, the workshop focused on the social studies of the economy in Latin America. At least three common threads emerged from the discussion.

I.

First, Mariana HerediaFederico Neiburg and Ana Gross’ papers examined disputes concerning consumer price indexes, the representations of inflation, and, more broadly, the way in which public numbers – their construction, treatment, publication, etc. – affects the economy. A second common thread between the papers was the attention paid to economic knowledge and economic practices. Continue reading

Cfp_EAEPE Conference: “The social logics of Economics” and “Economic sociology and heterodox Economics”

Call for Papers 28th Annual EAEPE Conference, University of Manchester, UK, 3.-5. November 2016 (http://eaepe.org), Research Area [B]: Economic Sociology: “The social logics of Economics” and “Economic sociology and heterodox Economics”, organized by Jens Maesse and Hanno Pahl (jens.maesse@sowi.uni-giessen.de, hanno.pahl@soziologie.uni-muenchen.de).

For this year’s EAEPE Conference the research area Economic Sociology invites presentations for two sessions covering the following topics/perspectives: Continue reading

Making news, making the economy: Technological changes and financial pressures in Brazil

Tomás Undurraga has just published the article ‘Making news, making the economy: Technological changes and financial pressures in Brazil’ in the journal Cultural Sociology. The article is open access so it can be downloaded from the journal’s page. The abstract reads as follow:

Media convergence and growing financial pressure on the journalistic field have triggered significant changes in newsmaking cultures across the world. This article examines the challenges of media convergence in the newsroom of Valor Econômico, the main economic newspaper in Brazil. In particular, it explores how the introduction in 2013 of Valor Pro, a real time news service oriented to the financial market, changed newsmaking practices at Valor Econômico. The introduction of Valor Pro meant that journalists from the whole newsroom had to report news simultaneously for three platforms: the real time service, the online website and the printed paper. This shift not only intensified journalists’ workloads and altered the manufacture of news, but also increased financial pressure on the paper’s agenda. I argue that this shift – from producing news for the public towards producing news for the market – cannot be explained solely with reference to traditional political economic factors such as ideological decisions at editorial level and the structural properties of the Brazilian media sphere. Instead, drawing on resources from cultural sociology and from science and technology studies, I provide a richer explanation that acknowledges the impact of technological innovation, the shifting nature of news values, and the agency of journalists themselves. This article elaborates on seven months of ethnographic fieldwork in Valor Econômico’s newsroom in São Paulo between 2013 and 2015 and contributes to the literature on cultural sociology, media studies and science and technology studies.

2 Post-doctoral research positions at UCL London: Economics in the Public Sphere

Research Associate: Economics in the Public Sphere – 2 Posts, – Ref:1458983. Salary (inclusive of London allowance) £33,353 -£40,313 per annum. Duties and Responsibilities. UCL Department of Science and Technology Studies seeks to appoint 2 Postdoctoral Research Associates as part of a European Research Council funded project, “Economics in the Public Sphere: USA, UK, France, Brazil and Argentina since 1945”. “Economics in the public sphere” examines the social and cultural factors shaping the media’s representation of economic knowledge. It sets out to study newsrooms as sites for the production of knowledge. From this vantage point we examine how journalists’ parse competing claims of expertise by scholars, political elites and social movements. We look at the formation of journalistic genres and interrogate how they frame representations of the economy, of value, and of economic reason. The postholders will contribute to the overall project objectives, and will undertake specialised research on the national economic press since 1945 for one national case study, to be assigned by the project director. The two case studies are United Kingdom and Argentina. The postholders will be expected to define a research agenda within the broad framework of the project’s central questions. The posts are available for 12 months in the first instance, with an expected start date of no later than 1st September 2015. Continue reading

Table ronde “Connaissances dans le marché”

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La Société d’Anthropologie des Connaissances et le comité de rédaction de la Revue d’Anthropologie des Connaissances organisent une table ronde le vendredi 27 mars de 9h à 13h à l’occasion de la sortie du nouveau numéro de la revue, consacré aux «Connaissances dans le marché» et co-édité par Ronan Le Velly (SupAgro, UMR Innovation) et Frédéric Goulet (CIRAD, UMR Innovation). Cette table ronde rassemble les éditeurs et les auteurs des articles du dossier : Vincent Cardon (Univ. Amiens, CURAPP-ESS), Liliana Doganova (Mines ParisTech, CSI), Alexandre Mallard (Mines ParisTech, CSI), Gérard Marty (LEF), Tommaso Pardi (ENS Cachan, IDHE) et Jean-Marie Pillon (CEE). La discussion sera initiée par Philippe Steiner (Univ. Paris Sorbonne, GEMASS) et Etienne Nouguez (CNRS, CSO), et animée par Ashveen Peerbaye (UPEM, LISIS).

La table ronde aura lieu à la Sorbonne, salle F 673, au bout de la Galerie Gerson, Esc. G2, 1er Etage.. Le dossier est disponible sur le portail CAIRN : http://www.cairn.info/revue-anthropologie-des-connaissances-2015-1.htm Le visionnage de cette table ronde sera disponible en ligne sur le site (http://ifris.org).

Cfp_ International Conference on 175 years of The Economist

International Conference on 175 years of The EconomistDeadline for submissions: 15 May 2015. In 2018 the Economist magazine will be 175 years old. This conference is a prelude to a book that will examine the political, economic and cultural impact of one of the most significant news publications in the modern world. The workshop will take place at University College London over 2 days: 24-25 September 2015. We seek to bring together journalists and researchers from many fields including economic, social and political historians, cultural analysts, sociologists, literary and media scholars.

Papers are invited on any topic connected to The Economist, past and present, and the following suggested topics are intended to be neither prescriptive nor comprehensive: Continue reading

On ethnography, collaboration and social studies of finance besides performativity. An interview with Annelise Riles

Collateral KnowledgeAnnelise Riles’s (Professor of Law in Far East Legal Studies and Professor of Anthropology at Cornell) work is characterized by an intense and productive dialogue between law and anthropology. This results in a form of research which, simultaneously, brings legal reasoning to the center of the ethnographer’s concern (as an object of social scientific investigation) and makes this same reasoning a productive tool for anthropological inquiry. In this conversation carried out right after the workshop ‘Markets for Collective Concerns?’ held last December at Copenhagen Business School, Riles discusses her latest book on her long-term ethnographic work with financial regulators and lawyers in Japan, Collateral Knowledge, and her more recent articles on collaborative research. The interview was conducted by José Ossandón and Gustavo Onto helped elaborate the questions. Continue reading

Cfp_The social logics of economics. Power, knowledge and practices between academia, the economy and society

The social logics of economics. Power, knowledge and practices between academia, the economy and society. Organized by Jens Maesse and Hanno Pahl Annual EAEPE Conference, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, 6-8 November 2014. Deadline: 15.09.2014

Economic knowledge, practices and actors play a central role in the current economic, financial and fiscal crisis. Economics either as academic or as applied knowledge is a resource for the interpretation of the social world as an “economy”. Through this hegemonic position on the definition of “problems”, economics is in a privileged position to deliver “proper solutions”. Thus, how can we explain that the economics profession reached such an exceptional position? What are the social rules that govern economics? In our workshop on the “social logics of economics”, we will discuss and consider the question how economics knowledge is produced, particular academic and scientific practices are institutionalized and discourses circulate. Continue reading