Tag Archives: STS

Knowledge-production in journalism: Translation, mediation and authorship in Brazil

[Nuevo artículo de Tomás Undurrage en The Sociological Review]

“Knowledge-production in journalism: Translation, mediation and authorship in Brazil”

Tomás Undurraga

Abstract

Based on a multi-site ethnography of two influential newspapers in Brazil, this article examines how Brazilian journalists mediate knowledge claims made by experts, policy makers and the lay public. It asks whether and how these journalists experience themselves as knowledge-makers. More specifically, it argues that Brazilian journalists index their production of knowledge in reference to four main characteristics: depth, authorship, influence, and expertise. Journalists tend to consider newsmaking a contribution to knowledge when: (1) they have the resources to do proper investigative reporting (depth); (2) they are able to help define the public agenda through their reporting and to express their opinion (authorship); (3) they have impact on the polity, the economy or other fields they cover (influence) and (4) their journalistic knowledge is recognized by readers and by specialists (expertise). In practice, however, there are multiple obstacles that make Brazilian journalists hesitant about their contribution to knowledge, including intensified working conditions, the lack of plurality within the mainstream presses, and their informal methods for dealing with knowledge claims from other fields. This research reveals that Brazilian journalists have different understandings of the nature of knowledge in journalism. These understandings cluster around two distinct poles: an expert notion of knowledge associated with disciplinary boundaries, and a distinct conception associated with journalists’ capacity to mediate between jurisdictions. When journalists’ production is assessed from the former point of view, the informality of their methods is seen as undermining their knowledge credentials. By contrast, when journalists’ contribution is assessed from the latter point of view, their ‘interactional expertise’ comes to the fore.

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New book: Markets and the Arts of Attachment

[Routledge acaba de publicar un nuevo libro – Markets and the Arts of Attachment, editado por Franck Cochoy, Joe Deville, Liz McFall – de posible interés para los lectores de este blog]

Markets and the Arts of Attachment (Hardback) book coverMarkets and the Arts of Attachment, edited by Franck Cochoy, Joe Deville, Liz McFall

Table of Contents

Introduction: Markets and the Arts of Attachment, (Liz McFall, Franck Cochoy, Joe Deville)

  1. From Social Ties to Socio-Economic Attachments: A Matter of Selection and Collection, (Franck Cochoy)
  2. Manufacturing the Consumer’s Truth: The Uses of Consumer Research in Advertising Inquiry, (Tomas Ariztia)
  3. Marketing and the Domestication of Social Media, (Kevin Mellet)
  4. Interfacing Attachments: The Multivalence of Brands, (Carolin Gerlitz)
  5. You are a Star Customer, Please Hold the Line…’: CRM and the Socio-Technical Inscriptions of Market Attachment, (Alexandre Mallard)
  6. The Market will Have you: The Arts of Market Attachment in a Digital Economy, (Liz McFall and Joe Deville)
  7. ‘My Story has no Strings Attached’: Credit Cards, Market Devices and a Stone Guest, (José Ossandón)
  8. From Market Relations to Romantic Ties: The Tests of Internet Dating, (Emmanuel Kessous)
  9. Acquiring Associations: On the Unexpected Social Consequences of Possessive Relations, (Hans Kjellberg)

Afterword: The Devices of Attachment, (Michel Callon)

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Capitalization. A Cultural Guide

Image result for Capitalization A Cultural Guide[Presses des Mines acaba de publicar el nuevo libro Capitalization. A Cultural Guide de Fabian Muniesa y 10(¡!) co-autores. El equipo incluye Álvaro Piña-Stranger, que alguna vez escribió en este blog. Muniesa explicó en español los alcances de este proyecto durante su visita a Chile en 2016. Por ejemplo en esta presentación y en esta excelente entrevista en Radio Universidad de Chile]

Capitalization. A Cultural Guide

What does it mean to turn something into capital? What does considering things as assets entail? What does the prevalence of an investor’s viewpoint require? What is this culture of valuation that asks that we capitalize on everything? How can we make sense of the traits, necessities and upshots of this pervasive cultural condition?

This book takes the reader to an ethnographic stroll down the trail of capitalization. Start-up companies, research centers, consulting firms, state enterprises, investment banks, public administrations: the territory can certainly prove strange and disorienting at first sight, with its blurred boundaries between private appropriation and public interest, economic sanity and moral breakdown, the literal and the metaphorical, the practical and the ideological. The traveler certainly requires a resolutely pragmatist attitude, and a taste for the meanders of signification. But in all the sites in which we set foot in this inquiry we recognize a recurring semiotic complex: a scenario of valuation in which things signify by virtue of their capacity to become assets in the eye of an imagined investor.
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Cfp_Data publics

CALL FOR ABSTRACTS AND EXHIBITS. Data Publics — Investigating the formation and representation of crowds, groups and clusters in digital economies. Lancaster University, March 31 / April 1 & 2, 2017. The deadline is January 22nd.

Keynote speakers: John Bowers (Newcastle University), Helen Kennedy (The University of Sheffield), Michiel de Lange (Utrecht University), Anders Koed Madsen (Aalborg University), Noortje Marres (University of Warwick), Alex Taylor (Microsoft Research)

“Those indirectly and seriously affected for good or evil form a group distinctive enough to require recognition and name. The name selected is The Public” (John Dewey, 1927).

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CfP_IV Encuentro de la Red Chilena de Estudios en Ciencia, Tecnología y Sociedad

Displaying Llamado a presentar resumenes IV Encuentro Red CTS-Chile.jpg

Cfp_ Estados de energía: Explorando los aspectos sociales e históricos de la regulación pública de la electricidad

Llamado a presentar ponencias: Estados de energía: Explorando los aspectos sociales e históricos de la regulación pública de la electricidad. Universidad Alberto Hurtado, Santiago, Chile, Abril 27-28, 2017. Expositores invitados:  Profesor David E. Nye, University of Southern Denmark, Dinamarca; Profesor Dominic Boyer, Department of Anthropology & Center for Energy and Environmental Research in the Human Sciences (CENHS), Rice University, Estados Unidos. Organizadores: Sebastián Ureta y Mónica Humeres, Departamento de Sociología, Universidad Alberto Hurtado, Santiago, Chile

Desde el comienzo de su producción industrial a fines del siglo XIX, la electricidad se convirtió en objeto de múltiples iniciativas regulatorias. Inicialmente impulsada por privados, la regulación de la producción, distribución y consumo de la electricidad rápidamente devino en foco de interés y acción prioritario del Estado. Especialmente después de que la electricidad se convirtiera en la principal fuente de energía de una amplia gama de procesos sociales, los Estados nacionales fueron desarrollando arreglos sociotécnicos crecientemente sofisticados con el objetivo de controlar su desarrollo. Como resultado la energía eléctrica se convirtió en un componente clave de variados proyectos gubernamentales, desde la incorporación de la disponibilidad universal de electricidad a nociones de bienestar social hasta la visión neoliberal de la energía como un bien intrínsecamente privado. Continue reading

Mattering Press launches

[Joe Deville nos comparte la muy buena noticia del lanzamiento de los primeros cuatro libros de la nueva editorial Mattering Press. Los libros son: On Curiosity: The Art of Market Seduction de Franck Cochoy, Modes of Knowing: Resources from the Baroque, editado por John Law & Evelyn Ruppert; Practising Comparison: Logics, Relations, Collaborations, editado por Joe Deville, Michael Guggenheim & Zuzana Hrdličková; e Imagining Classrooms: Stories of Children, Teaching and Ethnography, de Vicki Macknight. Los libros están disponibles en formato impreso y de libre acceso digital. La mejor de las suertes con esta muy buena iniciativa!]

On curiosity hrMattering Press, a new Open Access book publisher and registered charity, has launched. Four years in the making, the press will produce major new contributions that engage the field of Science and Technology Studies. All books are available freely as ebooks and as printed books to purchase for around £15 / $20.

The first four books include two monographs and two edited collections. Perhaps of particular interest to readers of Estudios de Economía is the publication in English for the first time of Franck Cochoy’s book On Curiosity: The Art of Market Seduction. The book takes readers on a journey through the world of curiosity, looking at some of the many ways this misunderstood force has been used to push and pull us towards markets. The book is a translation of De la curiosité, published in French by Armand Colin in 2011.  Continue reading

Daniel Breslau presenta “Bounding economic rationality”, UDP

http://mailing.uahurtado.cl/2016/comunicaciones/invitaciones/numies/images/portada-01.jpgEl Núcleo Milenio de Investigación en Energía y Sociedad (NUMIES) le invita al primer seminario internacional sobre Energía y Sociedad. En esta ocasión, el académico Daniel Breslau del departamento Science and Technology Studies de la Universidad Virginia Tech, presentará el paper “Bounding economic rationality: time-varying rates and the new electricity consumer”. La actividad se realizará el miércoles 13 de abril, a las 15:00 hrs., en la sala B-21 de la Biblioteca Nicanor Parra, ubicada en Vergara 324, Santiago. Continue reading

Making news, making the economy: Technological changes and financial pressures in Brazil

Tomás Undurraga has just published the article ‘Making news, making the economy: Technological changes and financial pressures in Brazil’ in the journal Cultural Sociology. The article is open access so it can be downloaded from the journal’s page. The abstract reads as follow:

Media convergence and growing financial pressure on the journalistic field have triggered significant changes in newsmaking cultures across the world. This article examines the challenges of media convergence in the newsroom of Valor Econômico, the main economic newspaper in Brazil. In particular, it explores how the introduction in 2013 of Valor Pro, a real time news service oriented to the financial market, changed newsmaking practices at Valor Econômico. The introduction of Valor Pro meant that journalists from the whole newsroom had to report news simultaneously for three platforms: the real time service, the online website and the printed paper. This shift not only intensified journalists’ workloads and altered the manufacture of news, but also increased financial pressure on the paper’s agenda. I argue that this shift – from producing news for the public towards producing news for the market – cannot be explained solely with reference to traditional political economic factors such as ideological decisions at editorial level and the structural properties of the Brazilian media sphere. Instead, drawing on resources from cultural sociology and from science and technology studies, I provide a richer explanation that acknowledges the impact of technological innovation, the shifting nature of news values, and the agency of journalists themselves. This article elaborates on seven months of ethnographic fieldwork in Valor Econômico’s newsroom in São Paulo between 2013 and 2015 and contributes to the literature on cultural sociology, media studies and science and technology studies.

Assembling Policy. Transantiago, Human Devices, and the Dream of a World-Class Society

[Sebastian Ureta avisa a EdlE de su nuevo libro Assembling Policy. Transantiago, Human Devices, and the Dream of a World-Class Society publicado por MIT Press. Además de para los y las curiosas en la historia del muy polémico sistema de transporte de Santiago, un libro para aquellas y aquellos interesados en las intersecciones entre STS, análisis de dispositivos e instrumentos de políticas públicas y el rol de los economistas e ingenieros en la gubernamentalidad contemporánea]

PAssembling Policyolicymakers are regularly confronted by complaints that ordinary people are left out of the planning and managing of complex infrastructure projects. In this book, Sebastián Ureta argues that humans, both individually and collectively, are always at the heart of infrastructure policy; the issue is how they are brought into it. Ureta develops his argument through the case of Transantiago, a massive public transportation project in the city of Santiago, proposed in 2000, launched in 2007, and in 2012 called “the worst public policy ever implemented in our country” by a Chilean government spokesman.

Ureta examines Transantiago as a policy assemblage formed by an array of heterogeneous elements—including, crucially, “human devices,” or artifacts and practices through which humans were brought into infrastructure planning and implementation. Ureta traces the design and operation of Transantiago through four configurations: crisis, infrastructuration, disruption, and normalization. In the crisis phase, humans were enacted both as consumers and as participants in the transformation of Santiago into a “world-class” city, but during infrastructuration the “active citizen” went missing. Continue reading