Reporte Coloquio de Sociología Económica, Universidad Central, Santiago de Chile

[El jueves 26 de octubre se realizó en la Universidad Central el Coloquio de Sociología Económica organizado por Nicolás Gómez y colaboradores. Junto con los colegas José Ignacio Alarcón y Felipe González quisimos reportar en esta breve nota los aspectos generales de la actividad].

El Coloquio de Sociología Económica se inserta en un trabajo mancomunado del Grupo de Trabajo (GT) de Sociología Económica. Dicho Grupo se inauguró con los nuevos esfuerzos por articular la Red de Escuelas de Sociología (SOCIORED) y los Congresos Chilenos de Sociología desde su versión 2011, realizado en la ciudad de Valparaíso, como también en el Congreso de la Asociación Latinoamericana de Sociología (ALAS), realizado en Santiago el año 2013.

Este grupo ha generado un espacio de diálogo pluridisciplinario donde convergen reflexiones empírico-teóricas sobre la manera en la que se despliega la economía en Chile y en otras latitudes. Es por ello que en el coloquio se produce una discusión respecto de distintas concepciones de lo económico, entre otras Continue reading

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Reducing default rates, the wealth gap, and inequality in access to housing by lending pension funds

[En Chile se ha discutido algo sobre el problema de que los trabajadores están forzados a cotizar en los fondos de pensions (AFPs) y después tienen que tomar prestado ese dinero para vivir, gastando mucho en los altos intereses, especialmente de las tarjetas de crédito de grandes tiendas. ¿No sería posible buscar mecanismos para devolver ese dinero a las familias para que puedan acumular riqueza sin perder su pensión? Comparto en este post una idea al respecto, se agradecen de antemano los comentarios, así como sugerencias de posibles colaboradores para desarrollar más el argumento. La propuesta está escrita de modo traducible a varios países, incluso aquellos con sistema de reparto en las pensiones, como EEUU. Mi idea es seguir desarrollando el argumento para luego mandarlo al foro de alguna revista de vivienda y urbanismo para estimular el debate al respecto.]

Think about this paradox: Low-income families put money into the financial market as pension savings, and they pay interest and mortgage insurances to obtain those savings, or rent to landlords who access those savings. Basically, by having their savings locked until retirement, they contribute to capitalists’ accumulation while they cannot accumulate wealth. Or put this the other way around. Low- and middle-income families cannot accumulate wealth, among other reasons, because (a) they cannot afford a down-payment to buy a home and drain their income in their rent, without accumulation; (b) if they can buy a home, they pay high interests because they are considered risky; and (3) may lose their home by defaulting on their mortgage. Yet, they have often saved more money than they needed to get the loan, prevent the default, and make them less-risky subjects of credit. Is there a way to prevent this cycle of capitalist appropriation of wealth by renting other people’s money?

I want to propose a policy solution to this problem that, while apparently reformist, challenges a major pattern of capitalist accumulation in our financialized economy. Continue reading

“People like you”, Celia Lury en PUC

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XII Jornadas de Estudios Sociales de la Economía

Por estos días se llevan a cabo las clásicas (XII!) Jornadas de Estudios Sociales de la Economía en el IDAES-UNSAM. El programa completo de actividades esta disponible acá: http://noticias.unsam.edu.ar/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/programa-jornadas-web.pdf

Un diálogo sobre la sociología del dinero en y desde Argentina

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Cfp_Exit, Voice and Loyalty:  Alternative Economic Models and Responses to Decline in Contemporary Society. Warsaw, 21-22 May 2018.

Call for papers: Exit, Voice and Loyalty:  Alternative Economic Models and Responses to Decline in Contemporary Society. Warsaw, 21-22 May 2018. Guest speakers: Barbara Czarniawska (University of Gothenburg) & José Ossandón (Copenhagen Business School). The deadline for submission of abstracts is 10 December 2017.

Albert O. Hirschman’s treatise on responses to decline in various contexts and domains, Exit, Voice, and Loyalty (1970), has been almost instantly welcomed as his most sociologically relevant contribution. This work opened a sociological box that can be researched without exhaustion.

The issue whether the social actors will go for exit, for voice or for loyalty when faced with downturn or decline in a particular context, or how their choices will impact on the attractiveness of other available options always leaves room for surprises and scientific discoveries. Thus, exit-voice-and-loyalty is in fact a sociological riddle, and as all good sociological riddles (such as the seminal strength of weak ties) it does not wear out. On the contrary, its value increases in time. The sociologist cannot just simply solve the problem for the last time, neither can she/he leave the problem unanswered. New empirical material related to crises, revolutions, risk, failures, downturns – in other words, social change – puts the puzzle in a completely new picture and indicates new solutions for resolving it. Hirschman himself, subsequent to the exit-voice dynamics of the 1989 upheaval in East Germany was compelled to reformulate his original thesis that exit deactivates voice and to record the scenario when private exit stimulates public voice eventually. Continue reading

Cfp_5th Interdisciplinary Market Studies Workshop, Copenhagen Business School, June 6 – 8, 2018

Call for Papers: Market Situations – Situated Markets. 5th Interdisciplinary Market Studies Workshop, Copenhagen Business School, June 6 – 8, 2018. Keynote speakers: Jens Beckert (Professor of Sociology and Director at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Cologne) & Eve Chiapello (Professor of Sociology at the Centre d’Étude des Mouvements Sociaux at EHESS Paris). We invite contributors to submit an extended abstract of 2-3 pages (incl. references) to markets2018.mpp@cbs.dk. Proposals should indicate topic, theoretical positioning, methodology and outline findings, if appropriate. The deadline for submissions is Monday, January 29, 2018. Inquiries about the workshop can be made to any of the workshop organisers. We will notify contributors about acceptance by early March, and full papers will be due early May.

The Theme

The 5th Interdisciplinary Market Studies Workshop will take place in Copenhagen, a city which derives its name from the harbour and the associated place of commerce that existed there from the 11th century. Købmannahavn translates as ‘chapman’s haven’ and ‘merchants’ harbour’ (portus mercatorum), and as such the city is a living example of how markets and cityscapes have always tended to co-create each other. Copenhagen’s history reveals another insight. Recent critics of the neoliberal city have argued that the privatization of public spaces and the redefinition of the built environment as the object of speculation have led to a privileging of the needs of wealthy investors, for whom shopping malls and luxury hotels matter more than affordable housing and places of recreation (Sassen, 2014). From that perspective, Copenhagen seems to have been a city of speculators, projectors and investors long before we started to speak of neoliberalism: a metropolis thriving on risk, expansion, and even appropriation, of geography and temporality. Continue reading

Coloquio de Sociología Económica 26 Octubre, Universidad Central, Santiago

Dejo una invitación a toda la comunidad de EdlE para participar en el Coloquio de Sociología Económica que se realizará en la Universidad Central el Jueves 26 desde las 9:30 de la mañana en Loreto Cochrane 417, Santiago Centro. El programa lo pueden encontrar aquí.

Cfp Número especial: Neoliberalización y Ciudadanía(s) en el Sur Global.

POLIS Revista Latinoamericana abre Convocatoria Nº 49 a publicarse en Abril de 2018 Neoliberalización y Ciudadanía(s) en el Sur Global. Editores Lente de Aproximación: Hernán Cuevas, Felipe González y Juan Pablo Paredes.
Los artículos postulados a la sección “Lente de aproximación: Neoliberalización y Ciudadanía(s) en el Sur Global” deberán ser enviados indicando en el asunto “Convocatoria 49”, hasta el día 21 de Enero 2018, al correo revistapolis@ulagos.cl.
El Número 49 de Polis, Revista Latinomaericana, propone un listado de temas para presentar trabajos, sin ser excluyentes de otros no enunciados que sean coherentes con el espíritu general de la propuesta:

Continue reading

What can social research learn from the savage detectives’ mode of inquiry?

[El nombre de esta sección es “artículos en cuotas”. La idea es, como en una novela por entregas, ir subiendo partes de papers a medida que vayan saliendo. El texto abajo es el segundo post de este tipo. Es un (muy) borrador de la primera parte de un capítulo para el libro Organization 2666 editado por Christian de Cock, Sine Nørholm Just, y Damian O’Doherty. Como el título lo indica el libro reunirá contribuciones que conectan la literatura de Roberto Bolaño y los estudios de las organizaciones]

What can social research learn from the savage detectives’ mode of inquiry? José Ossandón

Image result for Los Detectives salvajes “Soñé que era un detective viejo y enfermo que buscaba gente perdida hace tiempo. A veces me miraba casualmente en un espejo y reconocía a Roberto Bolaño” (Bolaño quoted in Trelles 2008: 271)

“Los detectives de Bolaño, pues, como en sus poemas, como en sus sueños y como en la mayoría de sus ficciones, son poetas en búsqueda permanente de otros poetas pero que, a su vez, serán objeto de búsquedas posteriores que repiten las circunstancias  y las carencias singulares de las suyas” (Trelles 2008: 287)

 

Crime fiction has been read as a mirror of social research.

In The Arcades Project, Benjamin (1999) notes that Allan Poe’s Dupin is like a physiognomist. Like the ‘Man of the Crowd’, who reads the signs hidden in the masses, Dupin deciphers the traces left in the bourgeois domestic space. The detective’s inquiry works at a level of abstraction that Benjamin recognizes as the key to 19th century society. Like financial commodities and collections, the detective’s mode of knowledge production works by assembling series out of previously unconnected events. Carlo Ginzburg (1983, 2004) has developed the comparison further. In his view, it is in the 19th century that the case study, represented in figures such as Peirce, Morelli and Freud, reaches its consolidation as a scientific method. It is this type of ‘abductive’ research that is represented in Conan Doyle’s Holmes. Sherlock is a sharp reader of signs, a non-stopping abductive machine that can connect a unique trace with massive amount of updated scientific knowledge in order to come up with the hypothesis that will solve the case. Continue reading